Buying and rehabbing a multi-family unit property can be done using the FHA 203k loan. I’ve done a few of these loans and they are absolutely great! I’m currently doing one right now — it’s a four-unit property and it’s a big job. The FHA 203k loan limits, which you can check out here, are much higher as the units go up. So, the total rehab cost for this four-unit property is over $600,000. It’s an enormous project and it’s one of the really cool things the FHA 203k allows you to do. In this situation, this customer is going to live in one of the units and, ultimately, he is going to be collecting income from the other three units. So, by doing this rehab, he is going to be able to bring in a good portion of income on a yearly basis. It’s one of the great features of the FHA 203k loan. The maximum amount of units you can do is a four-unit property. You can obviously do two units; you can do three units- it all just depends on what is available in your area. FHA 203k loans are greatly for these types of properties, but the important part to remember is with any FHA 203k loan, it is for primary residences only. So you must, YOU MUST live in one of the units. This is extremely important because, again, the FHA 203k loan is not for investors. Investors may be coming down the road, but for now, this is not for investors, it is only for primary residences only.
Another thing to keep in mind is that with three and four unit properties is you must have a certain amount of reserves. The amount of reserves is three months, which, again, is liquid or retirement funds- anything which would be considered assets in some sort of bank account or IRA. Basically, something that we can show that they would be able to tap into in case they would run into problems, but, again, this is only required for three and four-unit properties The three and four units must self-support as well, which means the rental payments must be able to sustain the mortgage on its own, so that’s another important feature to keep in mind when you’re talking about a three or four unit property.
But, again, there are little special nuances when we’re talking about multi-unit properties. There’s a lot of areas in the City of Philadelphia, for one. The large project that I’m doing right now, the $650,000 rehab, is in Jersey City. It’s really close to the subway, which allows somebody to get back and forth from New York which is great because there’s a lot of people in New York that rather come to New Jersey for the cheaper rent and the ability to save a little bit money. Those are other good reasons why those properties are so popular in such areas.
The FHA 203k mortgage allows for some great different types of properties and allows you to really make some money. As a landlord who lives there, an occupying landlord, you’re able to make some additional money each month and that’s a great thing to supplement your income. And in these times- there are more people renting, so it’s great for anybody who’s interested in adding a little bit of extra money in their pocket and building equity you should consider doing an FHA 203k loan on any multi-unit family property.
The Contingency Reserve is something that needs to be addressed because it’s an extremely important part of the FHA 203k loan. The Contingency Reserve is there for cost overruns- it is a component that is put in place to protect the home buyer or home refinancer in case of additional costs or expenses that may arise as a result of the rehab.
The Contingency Reserve can be anywhere from 10-20% of the rehabilitation costs. This rehabilitation number is set aside in case we open up the walls and there are broken pipes, missing, etc- one never knows what can happen when walls are opened up so there must be a reserve account- just in case!
You buy a vacant property for $200,000 and add on $20,000 of rehab. They open the walls up because it’s a 1930s house with plaster walls and it ends up there’s a problem with the electrical or a problem with the plumbing- and the costs exceed the initial estimate of the contractor.
Nobody could have known this and we all obviously want to make sure the customer is taken care of and that the property gets up to FHA minimum property standards. So, with this being said, it’s a great reason the Contingency Reserve is there. It’s there to protect against all these types of things.
If we were to get through a project and the contingency reserve was never touched because the contractor hit the estimate “right on the head,” then you have a 10-20% contingency reserve there in place, which can be used for changes, as long as there is still money left in the reserve. In this case, you could do additional projects that you initially had thought were not possible, or, as a final option, you can allow the contingency to be put back against your principal…yet another thing that can be done with the contingency! It’s something there to protect you, and,”if you don’t use it, it’s not like you lose it!”
Now, if we do put it back towards the principal balance of your mortgage, it will not lower your payment, however. It will take down your overall balance, so that’s important to remember, because people sometimes think, “well I’m lowering my balance…shouldn’t that lower my payment?” Your payment is set, the only thing that will change your payment moving forward is the potential for your taxes and insurance to change. Otherwise, your principal is going to remain the same.
Most of my customers, typically, if they have not used up all of their contingency will add certain things on- maybe there’s an extra bathroom that they now can get done- or ,maybe there’s some extra carpeting or some extra hardwood floor that they hadn’t initially hoped to do, but now can. I’ve had customers add on a deck, etc. So, there’s additional things you can do with that contingency reserve that hasn’t been used. A majority of the time we see 10% as the contingency, except for vacant homes, where we do 15% as the norm.
There’s a common misconception that contractors need to be certified in order to participate in FHA 203k loans. This isn’t true! There is NO actual official 203k training process that is certified or approved by HUD or FHA.
The way we determine which contractors are going to be able to participate in FHA 203k loans is by:
Certain contractors, if they can’t float the loan- or “float the job,” as we say, then they’re not going to be able to participate in FHA 203k loans. Essentially, “floating the job,” means being able to finance the job right from the start. With a Full 203k loan, contractors don’t receive any upfront cash. So, it’s important for contractors to understand this all up front, and we make sure of this!
We always do the following with contractors that work with us:
So these are the things that we will do as a lender to see if they understand and whether or not they meet the qualifications of a 203k contractor.
One of these is the The 203k contractor directory at 203kContractors.com, which is owned and facilitated by Paul Welden. He’s got a great resource. He goes through an intensive protocol of training the contractors so they understand the program from start-to-finish. It’s a 30 day- all wrapped into one course- kind of program. Then once they’ve completed the course, he puts them through a test on which they must maintain a minimum score of at least 80%. If they maintain that 80%, they get a nice, big, shiny FHA 203k certified directory logo. We have some of these certified contractors on our Web site currently, so you can always use these kind of contractors- and know, full-well, that they understand the program and know that they are able to maintain the necessary requirements to participate in an FHA 203k loan.
We always use and look for contractors who really understand the program. But, back to the main point, no, there is no certification program through HUD or FHA. It’s our job as lenders to make sure that the contractors understand how the program works and make sure that they are going to be able to meet the requirements and get the job done!
An FHA 203k mortgage is essentially a regular FHA mortgage. However, it has a special component which is an escrow account that allows the customer to be able to purchase or refinance a property and rehabilitate or renovate that said property. This little piece that’s attached to the loan allows the customer to be able to do awesome projects! Things as simple as re-carpeting, tiling, painting, simple cosmetic repairs, and all the way to dealing with full-scale rehabilitation projects. This includes, but is not limited to, adding square footage, putting a second floor on a rancher, and taking a home down to the foundation and basically starting new. All of these things are allowed using the FHA 203k program.
With the current environment and the amount of inventory that is out there, a lot of properties, if not really all, have some sort of rehab that needs to be done. I tell customers all the time, if you’re looking to buy a home, there’s no reason not to at least look at 203k as an option because there really is no move-in ready home. Move-in ready homes are called new construction or are homes that have already been completely renovated. Still, that newly renovated home is not your creation, it’s the creation of someone else. The FHA 203k program allows for you to be able to completely, 100%, design the home the way you want it, which is what the 203k was designed for!
The two flavors are a Streamline 203k, and the standard, or Full 203k. They are very different programs.
I’d be happy to share more in subsequent blog posts. That’s the major information regarding the FHA 203k programs. The program is not limited, other than by the FHA limits, which can be searched on the FHA Web site. Reach out to me, talk to me about what questions you have, what’s allowed to be done, what’s not allowed to be done…I’m here to help! Thank you very much and please keep reading.
There’s some really big misconceptions regarding the FHA 203k mortgage, we’re going to talk about a few here.
It’s not! This isn’t rocket science guys, it’s really not that hard. The truth is the program really comes down to the people that are involved and the people that you have working with you on the project. If you have a lender who doesn’t know what they are doing, if you have a consultant who’s only done a few consultant reports in the last 10 years, if you’ve got a contractor who’s never done one and you have a Realtor who’s never done one- guess what, you’re going to have a problem- big surprise! Here’s the deal though, by selecting a lender with experience (someone like myself), who actually plays what we call the FHA 203k quarterback. You can reference my old blog about that. You will see that the program can be done quickly, easily and efficiently.
Basically what this person does (as in myself), we coordinate the entire transaction: 1- we coordinate the buyer- we make sure that they are pre-approved 2- we coordinate the consultant to make sure that they are ordered up 3- we make sure that the contractor understands the FHA 203k program- they have to understand how they get paid and finally then we have the same conversations with the realtor. We mentioned that the realtors understand exactly, as well, because truth be told, when all of the parties don’t understand and the expectations are not set we run into problems. If done correctly, the FHA 203k loan can be done quickly, easily and efficiently.
No, it does not! That is not the truth. I’m going to give you a prime example. I had a customer who came to me from a referral, a Realtor who had never done a 203k. You can reference her on my YouTube video here. She will tell you about her experience with the FHA 203k program. Truth be told, when she came to me she had no idea, now she loves it! Because, here’s the deal, she came to me, I explained to the customer, I got them pre-approved, hooked them up with a contractor (actually a couple of them), he already had one as well, we explained to them how the program worked, he hooked up with our consultant, we all met out at the property and literally within 30 days we closed the loan. That’s right, guys, 30 days!
Realtors ask me all the time, how long does it take to close one of these loans? It always comes back to the same thing- it only takes a long as the client takes themselves because, ultimately, it’s a FHA loan. The only difference is there’s a special escrow that’s set up. So the customer needs to select their contractors in a timely fashion. We do our work the same way we normally do. So if the customer sets up their contractors quickly and decides on somebody, we can close on of these loans in 30 days. Again, working with experienced 203k lenders, consultants and contractors make all the difference. So when looking at doing this, I always recommend Mike Grace from the 203k Connection as my spot to go for my consultants. I also recommend Paul Weldon at 203kcontractorsdirectory.com. These are two great resources. And, of course, I recommend myself as the lender because I know what I’m doing! If it’s a state I’m not licensed in or someone in my company that I cannot oversee, I will recommend you to a lender that I have worked with or that one of our guys have worked with in the past. We want to make sure the job is done correctly and out of the gate right. So please, do yourself a favor and deal with experienced people only.
So, those are two HUGE misconceptions.
That’s not true either! HUD and FHA do not certify contractors. The 203k Contractor Directory has a training program and certifies people as their certification, but HUD and FHA do not have a certification. So, again, my job as the lender is to make sure that your contractor understands and, at the end of the day, not every contractor is going to want to do FHA 203k mortgages. It’s very simple- it doesn’t work for everyone. Most contractors aren’t well-funded enough to be able to do them. Now it doesn’t mean anything is wrong with them as contractors because some of the best contractors out there I know don’t do 203k’s. At the end of the day, it’s not for everyone. So keep that in mind.
And those are a few misconceptions and we’ll come up with more as we continue to go forward. Keep these in mind. Feel free to reach out to us and have a great day.
I got really excited one day when this new show came out called the “Property Brothers.” I swear when I watch the show I think that I may actually be related to these guys in one-way or another. I believe I might be the third brother- the one that nobody knows about- the one that helps you to be able to finance the projects that these guys are doing!
So what do you think? Ok- so maybe I don’t really resemble these guys but I know how to help you get the money that you need to get these types of projects done!
As you can imagine most people don’t have the 50, 60, 70, 100 thousand dollars that these guys are using to do these great projects that they’re doing on the show, and normally they need a loan to do it. And what loan is that? What it really comes down to for most of my clients is the FHA 203k program. I’m hoping to actually get in touch with these guys and see if I can get this involved in one of their shows, because what their show really shows you is that any home that you look at, with the right eyes, can be turned into your dream home.
So the “Property Brothers” do what I am basically trying to preach. They look at homes in areas that are distressed- that have been neglected- properties that, at the end of the day, were once great homes and, as the years have gone on, their owners have gotten older and they’ve let the houses go but the structure is still there. They’re in the developments, they’re in the towns and they’re in the population that people want. However, the truth is, the houses have just deteriorated. So the great part about what these guys do, and what the FHA 203k program allows you to do, is to go into this property and kind of have a clean slate. It lets you look at the properties and say, “Hey, you know what? This property is not what I want, but it is where I want it, and the price is unbelievable! So here is what we can do: hire a contractor to come in and do what we want- I want new kitchen cabinets; I want this cream color for my family room; I really like the open space concept; I really want a finished basement; and this issue of mold- I’d like to get that mold remediation completed- this is a great house if it had all of this done!” There’s all kinds of things that the FHA 203k program allows for.
The “Property Brothers,” really get it. They understand that the opportunity is there to be able to buy great properties and do things that you want. The truth is you can create instant equity. So take that into consideration when going out to buy your home. Whether your a first time home buyer or buying a move-up home, the one thing to keep in mind is that the FHA 203k program is for primary residences only, and as I’ve seen on most of the shows so far from the “Property Brothers,” they really only deal with primary residences which is great!
One of the things to keep in mind as well is that the FHA 203K mortgage program is only limited by county loan limits and those are established by FHA and HUD and can be searched FHA website. You want to check your county before you go out and start shopping and thinking this is the loan for you. Now understand there are other options but the FHA 203k is the crème de le crème of renovation programs that allow you to be able to do everything that you want with not a whole lot of limitations.
So check out the show, its on HGTV on Wednesdays, and think about the brother that is not on the show (that would be me, Jeff Onofrio) and understand that there is another component to buying these houses and that if you’re a first-time home buyer, or any other type of buyer, or even somebody that is interested in refinancing, you can do the same thing! You are not limited, these people are not the only people out there that can buy great deals and include the renovations into the mortgage- you can do it too! Who knows, maybe we can talk to the “Property Brothers” and get them to come out to the property and show you what you can do using our program. So consider the FHA 203k mortgage program when considering purchasing a home, and realize that it’s not just for major rehabs, it can be for little ones as well. Thank you very much!
We took a wonderful NJ couple and showed them the power of the NJ FHA 203k mortgage program. We showed the customer once again that by using this mortgage program that you can buy a home in NJ, PA, DE, or any of the 27 states that AnnieMac Home Mortgage is licensed in to create INSTANT EQUITY.
Everyday we watch the news and see that home values continue to drop, foreclosures are up and short sales are dominating the market. Yep- it’s true that all of this is a constant reminder of the mortgage meltdown and what is wrong with the banking industry but the FHA 203k renovation mortgage is a mortgage that is allowing us to help families to see that there is a light in the mortgage marketplace. By using this mortgage our customer created over $85,000 in equity…..you did read that right $85,000. Amazing isn’t it?
OK- so how did this person get such an amazing deal in NJ? Well they found a bank owned property- not all that hard in this environment. All you need is a good NJ Realtor and they should be able to help you find good properties for this program (and if not email me- I have a list of good Realtors all over the 27 states we are licensed in). Then they got a FHA 203k Consultant to do a work writeup on what work was needed to get the property up to FHA minimum property standards. The Realtor had already worked up comparable’s of what the property would be worth once the work was all complete:Property Purchase Price $90,000 Repair Work $31,000 Costs, Escrows, Etc $14,000 Total $135,000 After Work Completed Value Per Appraisal $220,000 INSTANT EQUITY $85,000
Well now that the home has been bought and the closing is complete the contractor starts his work and within 6 months the borrower will be moving into there new dream house. The great part about this is- besides the incredible equity that we built- 6 months of mortgage payments were escrowed so that the client could live in there current apartment and not have to make 2 payments out of there pocket.
So contact me or one of my team and we will work with you to show you the power of the FHA 203k Renovation Mortgage in NJ, PA or any other state that AnnieMac Home Mortgage is licensed in.
If you are either looking to purchase a home or possible rehab your existing home, it is important to know the repairs you can do with an FHA 203k loan. It is not breaking news to hear that the market is flooded with homes that need work. The difficulty that potential home buyers are having is looking past the existing state of the property. Knowing the eligible repairs before you go out to see the homes will help you visualize the home in its future state. Also there are a lot of existing home owners who lost equity in their home over the past few years and by knowing the repairs that be be financed in with an FHA 203K loan will help them re-gain their lost equity.
FHA 203K Streamline Eligible repairs ( $35,000 in total repair cost )
Here are some examples of Ineligible Improvements with FHA 203K
One of the biggest concerns of first time home buyers when they’re looking at getting their first mortgage is just how much money they’re going to require. Qualifying for a mortgage is the first step in the process, but it is important to understand if you will need cash for your purchase and if so, how much.
Understanding what you’ll be responsible for paying for in cash is good information to have before you even submit a mortgage application. The specific costs can vary depending upon the state that you live in, the cost of your home and to other factors, but here are some basic things to consider that should be considered.
In order to qualify for a mortgage, you will likely have to produce a down payment unless you are using a VA (Veterans Administration) or USDA Rural Housing Loan . The specific amount required for a down payment depends upon state guidelines as well as the type of loan. FHA mortgage loans offer the competitive down payment options for those who qualify, requiring 3.5% of the purchase price down.
In addition to requiring money for your mortgage down payment, you’ll need to save money for closing costs. This is something that you may be able to get paid by the seller of your new home, but as this is not something that is guaranteed, it is wise to have some money on hand to pay for all of the costs of purchasing a home that cannot be rolled into your mortgage. If you present a mortgage lender an offer that does not include closing costs covered by the seller, often as a first time home buyer, you are required to prove that you have the money to cover them. Depending on your local market environment and location, 1.5% to 3% of the purchase price may be a fair estimate for your closing costs, and somewhere in this range is what a mortgage lender will typically need to confirm.
Since the location, cost and your unique financial and credit attributes can affect what you will need to put down when you purchase a home, we can help you better understand the estimated amount that you’ll need to pay when buying a home. More importantly, we can help you understand and target the home purchase price that suits your specific needs an finances so you can be prepared in advance to make your first home purchase!